Wednesday, October 16, 2013

October 12, 2013 - by Brian Patteson

We've been running a pelagic trip annually on Columbus Day Weekend for almost 20 years now.  The main reason for having the trips is Fred Alsop's Coastal Ecology class from East Tennessee State University.  Fred has been bringing his class to the Outer Banks for many years and they used to go out on pelagic trips with Bob Ake and the late Paul Dumont back in the 80s.  Of course many of these kids have never been to sea, so it can be an interesting time if conditions are less than ideal, which is sometimes the case.  This year, however, conditions actually were ideal and we had a beautiful cool day with light winds and slight seas.  This was quite the contrast to our previous two trips, but it was a welcome change.

Seabirds can be hit or miss here in the fall and it turns out we missed the big shearwater flocks, which had moved a bit to the south, but we did have an excellent showing of Black-capped Petrels, which were active throughout the day.  We ventured pretty far out in hopes of seeing another gadfly petrel or some deep water cetaceans, but it was just about all Black-caps, with the occasional shearwater and a lone Pomarine Jaeger.  We turned around at 37 miles and as such had over ten miles of Black-caps out and back.  I was hoping to find some tuna schools and attendant shearwaters out there, but apparently we were just a little too far north.  We did find a school of Mahi Mahi about 33 miles out and the ETSU students had a blast catching a few for dinner while Black-caps made close passes over our chum slick.

It was a little surprising not to see a single Wilson's Storm-Petrel all day, but it was not for lack of chumming.  Although seabird diversity was rather low, we did put together a more diverse list of non-pelagic birds.  Light northwest winds are usually good for a few landbirds and by listening it was evident that a big push of birds had made it to the island before dawn.  There were not as many "twit birds" offshore, but we did see a few warblers, as well as two Northern Flickers, two Peregrines, an Osprey, and a Belted Kingfisher, all of these ten to thirty miles out.

We also saw a nice pod of Atlantic Spotted Dolphins in shelf waters on the way home and an enormous Leatherback Turtle just six miles from the inlet.  I would like to thank Fred for bringing his class again, despite the logistical hassles caused by the closure of the Seashore.  I would also like to thank Jeff Lemons for helping spot birds and providing photos for this report.  -Brian Patteson

American Wigeon  1
Black-capped Petrel  86
Cory's Shearwater  21
Audubon's Shearwater  9
Osprey  1
Pomarine Jaeger  1
Belted Kingfisher  1
Northern Flicker  2
Peregrine Falcon  2
American Redstart  1
Blackpoll Warbler  1

Also a few distant warblers and other passerines and three spp. of gulls offshore - Laughing, Herring, and Great Black-backed.

Spotted Dolphin  35
Leatherback Turtle  1

And we caught a wahoo and 15 mahi.

American Wigeon
 Three photos of Black-capped Petrels
 Cory's Shearwater
Pomarine Jaeger
 Peregrine Falcon
 American Redstart
 Two images of the Blackpoll Warbler
& the Spotted Dolphins...!

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

One That Got Away? Brian Patteson - Sept. 29, 2013

I had been itching to get out to the deep off Hatteras since our last trip here on August 25.  A series of other obligations stood in the way of running any birding trips in early to mid September, however.  Despite announcing trips for September 28 & 29 without much lead time, we got a good response and we were poised to run two trips.  Unfortunately the weather, which had been remarkably tranquil for most of September, stood in the way, and we cancelled the trip on Saturday because of 25 knot northeast winds.  Northeasterly winds generally make for some good birding in the blue water, but 25 knots is no fun when those waves stand up against three or four knots of current in the Gulf Stream.  Sunday was supposed to be a little better than Saturday, so we stuck with that date.  Sure enough, the wind fell out a bit Saturday night and we had a pretty nice run out on Sunday morning.  There was not much to see inshore.  The water was cool and green until we got to the shelf break where the water warmed up and got a bit bluer.  It wasn't a sharp change like you dream about, but we started to see some shearwaters, mostly Cory's, and it wasn't long before we had also seen a few Audubon's Shearwaters and a couple of Great Shearwaters quite well.  The birds were very active, thankfully.  It would have been hard to find them in the chop and swell if they were just riding it out.  There were some small tunas chasing baitfish to the surface and the shearwaters were on the job.  Flying into the northeasterly wind, they were mostly front-lit, and stalled by the wind, making for great photo-ops.  The clear air and bright sun brought them into sharp focus.  We proceeded slowly out past the shelf break.  The water got a bit greener and cooled off slightly and we saw fewer birds for awhile.  Then out around 150 fathoms we came into some current and warmer blue water.  There we began seeing a number of Black-capped Petrels and the shearwater show continued.

We spent most of the day with a number of birds in view.  The Black-capped Petrels were amazing.  They flew circles around the shearwaters as usual and they seemed to mock the trio of young Herring Gulls that had found us and were steadily picking at scraps of chum in our wake.  The Black-caps were beginning to look sharp, having gotten past the rattiness of their summer molt.  I was a bit surprised that we didn't see a few jaegers out there with all the shearwaters, but one Pomarine was all we found.  Wilson's Storm-Petrels were remarkably scarce and it took awhile to chum one in close to the boat.  There were also a few phalaropes seen fleetingly.  The combination of big seas and widely scattered Sargasso weed is not a good recipe for seeing phalaropes well.  Likewise such days are not usually so good for terns and we saw no Bridled or Sooty Terns.  There was plenty of Sargasso weed but I saw little flotsam and when that's missing, so are the Bridleds.

After such a good showing last month, I had high hopes for seeing a Trindade Petrel, but it was not to be on Sunday.  Likewise, no Sabine's Gull.  That is mostly a September bird here, but we certainly don't see them on all of the trips.  It was a day without a stand-out bird, or at least one we could be sure of.  During the morning, just past the shelf break, our leader, Nick Bonomo, spotted a slim looking Calonectris shearwater, which he called in.  There were a lot of Cory's Shearwaters buzzing around in the glare and I did not see it.  Nick snapped a couple of photos of the bird that looked notably slimmer and slightly smaller than the numerous Cory's.  These are characters of "Scopoli's" Shearwater, but the underwing of the bird in question was wrong for that - it had dark looking under primaries.  Looking at his photo the bird has rather narrow wings in comparison to a nearby (Atlantic) Cory's (C.d. borealis).  The bill also looks both thinner and shorter.  Cape Verde Shearwater?  Maybe.  If so, it just goes to show that it might be worth spending some more time in the Gulf Stream during the late summer and fall.  Cape Verde Shearwater is a stealth vagrant, the sort of bird that can easily slip by in less than calm conditions.  The only one we ever nailed down was a bird we saw on August 15, 2004.  I spotted that one on the water with a few Cory's and we got to study it closely before it flew off at close range.  We've been scouring flock after flock of Cory's Shearwaters for nine years since.  It's always disappointing when a potential mega-rarity gets by, but when you think about it, how many Cory's Shearwaters do you see closely and how many are specks on the horizon?  Likewise with Black-capped Petrels.  Fortunately Black-capped Petrels are identifiable at nearly infinite distance in good light.  What I'm trying to say is the odds are against you when it comes to getting a good, close, long look at an exceptionally rare seabird, especially on a breezy day.  But just knowing it might be out there drives us to keep going.

-Brian Patteson

The trip list is on our website, thank you to everyone who stood by to come on Sunday's trip!  And thank you to Nick Bonomo for helping us out as a leader and contributing some of his photos.  Thanks to participant Doug Koch for allowing us to use some of his photos as well!

Two images of dark-faced Black-capped Petrels (photos by Nick Bonomo)
 Only a couple distinctly white-faced individuals were seen (photo by Nick Bonomo)
 Atlantic Cory's Shearwater C. d. borealis (photo Nick Bonomo)
 Nominate Cory's (Scopoli's) Shearwater C. d. diomedea (photo Nick Bonomo)
Black-capped Petrels (photos by Doug Koch)
Cory's Shearwaters (photos by Doug Koch)
Nominate Cory's (Scopoli's) Shearwaters (photos by Doug Koch)
Audubon's Shearwaters (photos by Doug Koch)